Why Do Computers Freeze?

Do you spend most of your time in front of your computer? If so, there are several factors that may catch your attention, like your computer freezing up and no longer responding to certain commands. Usually, this can be fixed by restarting your computer, but sometimes it just happens far too often that you might start to worry why it happens in the first place. Several things can be blamed for this. Here are some of the causes on why computers freeze and how to fix them.

When your computer freezes the first thing you should do is check out the obvious. See if everything is still plugged in; perhaps your mouse isn’t working because it is no longer plugged into your computer. Also, your keyboard may not be functioning properly because it may have problems with it. Always try out several things on the physical parts of your computer first because these are the most common problems that people face and also happen to be the easiest ones to fix.

One other case that might be occurring is the presence of viruses or spyware. If you have access to the internet, you will find it impossible to get rid of every dangerous thing like spyware and viruses because of the internet connection. A lot of viruses out there are capable of making computers freeze by putting your computer somewhere where it always needs to reboot or by eating up the resources of your system until there is nothing there for processing performance. This problem can be taken care of with an anti-virus program; however, you will have to make sure that you constantly update it and disconnect from the internet every once in a while, as well as running the anti-virus in safety mode.

Registry errors are another problem that may freeze your computer. While on your computer, your registry (i.e. the area where executable tasks find out how they work) might get corrupted. Some entries may partially be deleted or replicated as time goes by. This could make your computer work slower than usual, making their functions slower and sometimes freezing completely. The way to rid yourself of this problem is to ensure that you have a good registry cleaner at hand.

The last reason your computer may freeze is due to certain problems with your hardware. If this is the case, always ensure that you have all of your important data backed up somewhere else, whether it be online or on a hard drive. Then, figure out what might be wrong with your hardware or your hard drive. It is always better to act sooner than later.

Invest time into what you do and ensure you take under consideration what happens whenever your computer freezes. Always remember that this happens on the regular and that steps may be taken for any case.…

Military Strategy in the First World War

Strategically, the majority of the first World War was fought as a stalemate. Most of the combat occurred in trenches on the western front, with very little chance for guerilla warfare and extended periods of combat in close proximity. Both sides dug miles of trenches so that they would not be exposed to enemy fire. Whenever one of the sides tried to move across no-man’s land in between the lines of trenches, they were typically gunned down by heavy artillery, so the front never moved more than a mile or two in either direction.

Even though neither side had a clear advantage, that does not mean that the war was not a display of a myriad of new weapons and techniques. Rifles and machine guns were introduced for the first time in battles during the war, and they proved to be much faster and more effective than the rifle-muskets that had been previously used. Both sides turned to the use of tanks and airplanes to help break the stalemate they faced. Tanks, although somewhat slow and reliable, helped in battles such as that at Amiens in 1918 when the British army took the German line. Airplanes were used mainly to scout, as they were not yet technologically capable of strong aerial bombardments.

World War 1 was the first time chemical weapons were used in battle, and these new innovations proved to be instrumental in making progress in combat. Germany first used cylinders of chlorine gas against the French in April of 1915 at Ypres. The gas, when inhaled in large amounts, was able to destroy the respiratory systems of the soldiers, although because it stimulated coughing, often the soldiers did not take in a deadly amount. Both sides began using a mixture of chlorine and phosgene called “white star,” which proved to be much more effective. It immediately forced the soldiers to stop fighting and killed them within just 48 hours.

In September of 1917, the German army introduced a new chemical weapon: mustard gas. It was odorless and fatal in 20% of the people who came into contact with it, in comparison to just 1% with the chlorine and phosgene gas. Mustard gas caused internal and external bleeding, blisters on the skin, sore eyes, and the deterioration of the bronchial tubes. The introduction of these chemicals as weapons in war caused thousands of casualties and forced troops on both sides to alter their tactics to prevent against crippling attacks by these gases.

Works Cited:
Steven Miller, Military Strategy and the Origins of the First World War, 1991
Paul Boyer, The Oxford Companion to United States History, 2001…

Wish Upon a Hero Website Review

Wish Upon A Hero is a wonderful website that I ran across in November of 2017. The site was created by Dave Girgenti shortly after the September 11th attack on our nation. Dave had seen the growing need among people after such a horrible event and has worked hard to make a difference. He moved forward to create a site where no wish is to small, no wish is too large and everyone can be a hero. At the time this article was written there were 16996 members and 14310 wishes have been granted. All of this in less than a year. With the growth at the level it is now, can you imagine where we could be in five years? WUAH, as it is commonly referred to, has recently received its certified nonprofit status.

Wishes that are granted range from the very small to very large, therefor, re-enforcing the tag line “no wish is too small and no wish is too large”. The heartfelt commitment of the members is overwhelming. Although anyone can be a hero, there are “Wish Ambassadors” who work diligently to make wishes come true. These special people spend countless hours contacting businesses to get donations of products, time and coupons. There has been every type of wish granted from a birthday card to helping a WWII veteran return to Pearl Harbor. The possibilities of this effort combined with the “pay it forward” theory are endless.

On September 26th 2008, WUAH will hold the first annual Hero Awards Gala. This will be held in Voorhees, New Jersey at The Mansion on Main Street. The night will be filled with much excitement. Starting with a gourmet meal, auction, dancing, entertainment, and the granting of a wish LIVE. The tickets are only $125 per person and only 400 are being sold. So if you would like to be at the most inspirational event of the year then get your tickets early. This will defiantly be a night to remember.

In closing, I want everyone to think about your wish. Everyone has a wish and anyone can be a hero. How would it feel to put a smile on a child’s face by sending them a get well card or being part of a group that sends a child home to care for their dying parent? Visit this wonderful site at www.wishuponahero.com and become someones hero today.…

How to Buy a Computer

When purchasing a computer, there are several key items you need to look for; you need to know exactly what it is you need, and what you can do without, because if you’re not sure you could end up spending hundreds of dollars on frivolous extras that you won’t be needing.

The first question is the simplest, and generally the only one you need to ask yourself; everything else will fall in line once you’ve answered this. And that question is simply, “What do I need this computer to do for me?” What are you going to be doing with this computer?

If you’re like me, you’ll only need your computer for simple email, internet browsing, and word processing. I do a little photo editing and the such on the side, but nothing too hardware-intensive. These are the most common tasks people new to buying a computer will be doing. Keeping with these needs, you won’t need too much in terms of hardware; nothing too fancy or complicated.

Buying your computer from an electronics store usually means that’s it’s pre-built and as such isn’t totally customizable. You’re going to need to find something that matches your specifications as closely as possible. To start off, you need to know what kind of processor you’ll require.

and AMD are the two manufacturers of processors; Intel boasts faster speeds and all around higher numbers to impress the general consumer, while AMD packs more performance in their lower speeds. In essence, unless you’re doing heavy gaming or video and multimedia processes, you won’t notice a difference. But be wary of the new, dual core processors coming out. They’re being pushed on people who don’t need them, but since most people aren’t sure of what they want they get lassoed into buying them. Anyone who’s only fundamentally browsing the internet, sending email, and word processing won’t need a dual core processor.

Memory and hard drive space are the next concerns. Again, the question boils down to what you’ll be doing; high-end users will need more than the casual consumer. If you are into gaming and video editing, you will need a fair amount more memory and hard drive space in comparison. But with the new Windows Vista becoming the new default operating system installed on most computers, a bare minimum of 1GB of memory is essential; a hard drive in the area of 40GB should also be a minimum – try and get the most for your money because you can never have too much hard drive space.

A fairly good graphics card is now a must-have due to the Windows Vista incorporation in most computers. Generally, if Vista is pre-installed on your computer, then the graphics card can handle it. If you’re buying your operating system separately, then make sure it is DirectX10 compatible. Windows Vista won’t run unless it is.

Last but not least, the monitor. Monitors are dropping in price rapidly as the cost of manufacturing goes down; a monitor that you would’ve paid some $1000 last year can be found for as low as $300 now. The up-and-coming standard for monitors is easily the LCD technology; the flat-screen, high resolution screens you see everywhere in the electronics stores. The older style are still available, but their size makes them a poor candidate for purchase anymore.

All in all, when buying a computer, the essential question is “What am I going to use this for?” Once you have that answered, all the other components of your purchase fall into place. Just know what you’re looking for and you’ll save yourself a lot …

Garden Landscaping Ideas

Ah, mid winter. The season best for planning your landscaping for the next year. By now, the gardening catalogs are out and you are probably sitting there looking at pictures of flowers at their summer best.

This is when I go over my gardening journal and try to decided what to change for the next year. I like to keep what works, work on what could be better and decide what to scrap.

All gardens are works in progress. So I compiled a list of some ideas for various areas in your yard

This is for all of those people with a mailbox standing on a post. If this is the case, plant flowers and a vine around it! There are even containers you can buy that fit around the post so if the ground there cannot be planted, you can container garden. A bright colorful area will probably cheer up your postal worker as well as make you smile as you pay your bills.

For the container garden, go with annuals that you like. I tend to do themes, pink and purple pansies…..or red and white pansies with a lobelia center (it’s bright blue). Once I just sprinkled wildflower seeds and let the riot of color take over.

For the ground, plant an ivy to crawl up the post and then plant according to light. My mailbox is shaded so hostas and caladium worked well.

One year I had trick or treat pansies (they are orange and black) and put them out in early October along with a few jack be little pumpkins.

Have fun with it.


You can ignore them. You can light them. You can even garden them. I prefer a walk with small plants so it doesn’t become crowded and lighting. Along the walkway you can place solar lights, roughly one every 3 feet. For plants, I went with bulbs and balled mums. The bulbs are tulips that bloom and begin to die back as the mums leaf out. The mums are a beautiful deep green all summer and then flower late. I alternated orange and red because of the proximity of their bloom time to autumn in my area.

Eye Candy and Ease

You knew it was coming. Burning bushes. Ok, so they are without a doubt my favorite shrubs. But few shrubs are as beautiful and yet require so little work as a burning bush. I went with two dwarf bushes on either side of my walkway. Dead center in the front lawn so they can grow to their maximum height and width: 5 feet by 5 feet. Deep green in summer, they flame red in autumn. Once established, they require no work. None at all.

A Three for One Deal

Have a damp basement or crawl space? How about an empty corner near the house that needs “something”? Maybe you want to up security around your window? Plant yucca.

Yucca may be a desert plant but that just means that they can survive under harsh conditions. They drink water like crazy so placed outside in a wet area, or an area that you know is causing water to leak into your basement or crawlspace and the problem is solved.

Yuccas are also sharp plants so planted near windows means that you can sleep safely without worrying about intruders.

Yuccas are beautiful as well. The best part is that you can plant them near a house. Yuccas have a single taproot so there is no problem with spreading roots into your foundation. The taproot grows straight down.

Plant Herbs

I actually know people …

Tips for College Students: How to Take the Most Out of a Class

Everyone has heard the phrase, “work smarter, not harder.” That phrase is the key to surviving college classes. You don’t need to stay up until 4AM every night (or later) studying for the hardest class. The key to getting the most out of a class is in smart, simple choices that make learning easier.

Choose your seat wisely. If you are easily distracted or know a certain class will be really tough for you, avoid sitting in the back of the classroom no matter how tempted you are. Sit in the front or as close to it as you possibly can. Sitting in the front ensures you are closer to the instructor and many distractions that grab other students won’t be a problem for you.

Take smart notes. That means, don’t copy what your instructor says word for word. Acknowledge the most important words, such as names, dates and vocabulary words that are included in your text. If you don’t write fast, you can take a highlighter and highlight most of what is said because most of the time what your instructor says is taken directly from your text. Also, abbreviate when possible, and avoid spelling out full words if you can help it. These short hand notes will help you keep up with the lecture allowing your full attention to focus on what is going on in front of you. Don’t forget to take neat notes as well. Notes that look like a three-year old wrote them won’t help you a few days later when you look back over them. Chances are, you won’t be able to make out too much of what you wrote, so you’ll be confused later on.

Record lectures if possible. Some instructors don’t allow this, so always ask before you attempt to record a lecture. You can buy a cheap voice recorder from Wal-Mart; you’ll have more than made up your money if you use it enough. Recording lectures allows you to come back to them later so you can listen to it again. This comes in handy especially if you’re more of an auditory learner. It will also help you take notes, especially if you’re not a fast writer. Another plus to this is, you can go back and revisit parts of the lecture over and over again that you did not quite get. This will allow you to ask better questions if you have any about a certain point mentioned in class.

Invest in highlighters and use them! You can purchase a pack of these for under $2 in most areas. They also come in many colors but I recommend using plain old yellow to highlight. Yellow is easiest to see and is very eye grabbing. Don’t highlight whole pieces of text in your book either. Highlight only what is important. Note things your instructor points out in class because those are most likely going to be on exams or quizzes later. If an instructor takes the time to mention them, then it must be important. Remember that. Highlighters will also come in handy when it’s getting close to exam time and your instructor tells you what to study for. You can highlight the first word in a string of text and that will tell you to revisit that piece of text later.

Use your whole notebook page to take notes. Don’t limit note taking to the middle of the page. Your notes are yours and will not be seen by anyone, nor will they need to be turned into your instructor. You can use the margins of your pages to add …

Current Programs and Activities - Writing Grant Proposals

Current Programs and Activities Section Components

When writing the current programs and activities section, grant writers should highlight organizational strengths while concentrating on information that is relevant to the proposal and corporate mission. This section should highlight any programs and activities that are currently funded by grants and indicate who is funding those projects and note the level of monetary support.

Funders are interested in learning if the applicant’s current programs and activities have shown growth since their inception and if the number of served constituents is clear. Application evaluators may view program stagnation and negative growth as potential problems.



Grantors also want to know if the organization demonstrates a willingness to partner with local, regional or state agencies to provide coordinated programs and shared activities. Organizations can illustrate this by using programs designed after successful national models.

While it is important to list relevant activities, it is also crucial to avoid including irrelevant and unsuccessful programs. Inactive programs and those that have received negative news coverage should also be left out. Services that duplicate the activities of other organizations within the target communities can also have a negative effect on a proposal and should either be left out or discussed in a downplayed and concise manner.

How Funders Evaluate Current Programs and Activities

Funders are extremely interested in an applicant’s current programs and activities because they reveal target populations and indicate the organization’s ability to focus on projects that are relevant to the company’s mission. Evaluators are more likely to continue reading the proposal if the applicant actively pursues its stated interests and serves the same constituent group that is of particular interest to the funder.

Long-running programs signify stability, so grantors want to know how many activities have been in operation for more than one year. Funders are hesitant to grant money to organizations that start programs and suspend them when the original funding source stops or interest declines. Associated with stability is organizational capacity. Programs that are not running smoothly may raise questions about the organization’s ability to properly staff and manage projects.

Grantors are also looking for the applicant’s ability to maintain and improve existing programs. Specifically, funders are looking for the organization’s up-to-date documentation about creating, maintaining and improving its programs.

Funders do not want to see applicants starting new programs and suddenly stopping operations after a relatively short period of time. This indicates the organization is unable to sustain grant-funded programs.

Where to Find Information About Current Programs and Activities

Information about the applicant organization’s current programs and activities can be found through numerous sources, including:

  • Annual Reports
  • Most recent strategic plans
  • Most current organizational brochures
  • recently submitted grant proposals
  • Past year’s press releases
  • Fact sheets on programs
  • Talk to program managers
  • Evaluation reports for current programs

After reading the current programs and activities section, the grant proposal evaluator should possess thorough knowledge about the applicant organization’s ongoing pursuits and believe the company can implement the same processes to successfully execute the proposed project.…

Quick Financial Tips for College-bound Students

I hate the fact that there are thousands of people out there who are completely clueless to the free money that is offered for people trying to get a higher education. At one point I was one of these people. I don’t claim to know everything, but I do know a few things as to which I would like to share with anyone willing to take the time and do the work.

  1. Don’t let anyone discourage you from attending college because of your financial situation. With dedication to scholarship searches and federal aid there is a way to finance your education. There are scholarships out there for everyone, not just the ones in good academic standing.
  2. Don’t listen to the statements that you’ll have time to make decisions about college later. From the minute you make the decision to go to college, you should begin thinking about what you what to do with your life and where you want to do it at. Having a good idea of college plans allows you to be ready when it is time to apply for federal aid.
  3. Apply for as many scholarships as possible. Never assume that you’ve applied for enough. If there is money left over from covering one semester or year, it can be carried over to the next semester/year.
  4. Deadlines approach quickly and some require knowing where you will be attending college. Keeping track of deadlines prevents missing out on scholarships and provides you with time to get the needed documents.
  5. Keep loans in mind, but don’t commit to any until it is known that you will need them. There are loans that are interest free and some that have high interest rates, so make sure to view every detail when considering a loan. Try not to sign up for credit cards unless you plan on not using them which will be hard for any college student. Credit cards can also get you with their interest rates.

My list of tips could go on forever, but this is a good start of tips that anyone should know about in regards to college finances. I know that this list will give a push in the right direction and get you into the mind-set of your finances when concerning college. There might be a continuation of the tips in another article, so keep your eyes open to another set of tips.